Analysis: environmental protection standards and policies of China's coal chemical industry in 2015

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09

coal chemical industry refers to the process that coal is converted into gas, liquid, solid fuel and chemical by chemical processing with coal as raw material. It mainly includes coal gasification, liquefaction, retorting, tar processing and calcium carbide acetylene chemical industry.

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on July 8, the State Energy Administration's official website released the "guidance on standardizing coal to fuel demonstration" (the second draft for comments) (hereinafter referred to as the "guidance") to solicit public opinions. "In view of the new problems and new challenges, we have reexamined and adjusted our development ideas at this stage," the guidance notes said

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in fact, since 2014, the international oil price has fallen sharply, the growth of domestic energy demand has slowed down, the investment capacity of energy enterprises has weakened, and some coal chemical projects have experienced environmental pollution incidents. According to the guiding opinions, a small number of domestic demonstration projects have not yet met the conditions for large-scale production capacity construction, and it is clear that the primary task during the 13th Five Year Plan period is still industrial engineering demonstration.

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are both "hope and fear" for the new policy. The "guiding opinions" put forward the most stringent environmental protection standards for new demonstration projects, including the first zero discharge requirements for the whole industry. Wang Lei, head of Yunnan Xianfeng coal chemical project, one of the first batch of domestic coal chemical demonstration projects, told reporters that for many coal chemical projects being prepared, the new policy has brought many challenges, but the clear positioning of the 13th five year plan will also promote the industry to embark on the road of rational development.

industry first proposed zero discharge of wastewater

according to the 2014-2018 global coal chemical industry investment forecast analysis research report, it has been five years since the domestic new coal chemical industry demonstration really started. After several rounds of changes in the situation, such as blind investment, policy constraints, relaxed approval and stricter environmental protection, the coal chemical industry ushered in changes again.

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in early 2015, the National Energy Administration (NEA) solicited opinions in writing from seven departments including the Ministry of environmental protection and the Ministry of water resources, 11 coal producing provinces and regions such as Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia, 25 energy enterprises such as Sinopec [Weibo] and Shenhua, industry associations and major consulting agencies. According to the feedback from all parties, the guidance opinions were finally formed.

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in recent years, the pollution of coal chemical industry has attracted public attention, and the environmental demonstration effect of some demonstration projects has been widely criticized. In terms of the future development of the industry, the guiding opinions put forward five principles, such as water measurement, the strictest environmental protection standards, energy conservation and efficiency, scientific layout and independent innovation. It is obvious that the Ministry of environmental protection has paid close attention to the implementation of the "spkds" environmental protection standard, which is one of the most important requirements for the Ministry of environmental protection to communicate with the Ministry of environmental protection for many times. There has been no environmental pollution incident in the chemical industrial park where the project is located in recent five years.

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in many environmental protection requirements, the process waste water recycling can be said to be the key to the industry. According to the national energy administration, this is the first time in China that zero discharge of wastewater is required for the whole industry, which is far higher than the standards for petrochemical and thermal power industries. The regulatory authorities will also carry out supervision and management on the implementation of the guiding opinions, and conduct irregular spot checks and inspections with relevant departments.

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for most of the coal to gas projects gathered in Northwest China, the problem of water resources is an unavoidable obstacle. In the aspect of water resources utilization, the Guiding Opinions also put forward that demonstration projects should implement the strictest water resources management system, carry out water resources demonstration, adhere to the principle of "measuring water", strictly prohibit the occupation of domestic water, agricultural water and ecological water, and strictly prohibit the use of groundwater. In addition, detailed requirements on EIA, site selection and emission standards of coal to fuel projects are also provided in the guidance.

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carry out industrialization engineering demonstration

in fact, the pollution problem of coal chemical demonstration project which happened frequently in recent years has attracted the attention of regulatory authorities. The "guiding opinions" also frankly said that although a few domestic demonstration projects have verified the feasibility of independent technology and achieved certain economic benefits, but also exposed a series of problems in engineering design, construction quality, production and operation, pollution control and so on, and did not have the conditions for large-scale production capacity construction.

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Wang Lei said frankly that there was blindness in the early development of coal chemical industry, and he also paid a lot of tuition fees. At present, the feasibility study and EIA of some old projects have been done earlier, and the technical route and environmental protection scheme may be out of date, so the regulatory authorities will not recognize it.

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will bring many challenges to many coal chemical projects which are still in the early stage of work. At the beginning of this year, as the first project to submit an EIA application to the Ministry of environmental protection since the coal to gas project was opened, the EIA of Jiangsu new energy coal to gas project was rejected. The

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events have a great impact on the industry. As for the impact of the new policy, Yuan Yulin, director of the planning department of Jiangsu new energy project, told reporters that the guiding opinions make the positioning and EIA standards of coal chemical projects more clear, and the company will continue to promote the EIA work of the projects as required.

is worth noting that the Guiding Opinions also for the first time defined the "13th five year plan" positioning of coal to fuel demonstration projects represented by coal to gas and coal to liquid: "the primary task is to carry out industrial engineering demonstration, constantly improve domestic independent technology relying on demonstration projects, and will not support illegal projects that do not conform to industrial policies, pure capacity expansion and repeated construction."


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