China restart investment in coal chemical industry after six years

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09
After the suspension of

for six years, China decided to restart the once controversial coal chemical investment project.

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Economic Observer learned that, according to the work plan of the national energy administration, the "guiding opinions on orderly development of coal to gas demonstration project" and "guiding opinions on steadily promoting the industrialization demonstration of coal to liquid" will be issued in the near future. It is understood that the China Federation of petroleum and chemical industry has previously set some indicators for coal to liquid and coal to natural gas, which clearly limits the energy consumption, water consumption and carbon dioxide emission intensity of enterprises.

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on April 15, at an internal Seminar on "new opportunities and technological revolution of new coal chemical industry", former deputy director general of the state energy administration proposed that he hoped the state could increase support for the coal chemical industry. He said, "the coal chemical industry should be listed as a major direction of the country, and a fund can also be considered to support the development of key R & D industries when the oil price is low. In addition, to make coal chemical industry a national strategy, it is necessary to remove the existing obstacles and allow enterprises to purchase this new energy in quota, just like renewable energy power generation. "

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it is understood that the results of the closed door meeting will be uploaded to the central government by means of Xinhua News Agency's participation in the State Council special report.

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recently, Qinghua Inner Mongolia Zhongke coal based clean energy polygeneration project was officially approved by the national development and Reform Commission, which is the second large-scale coal chemical project approved in 2015. A month ago, Nur Baikeli, director of the state energy administration, led the research team to Shanxi and Inner Mongolia to conduct field visits to two projects, i.e., 1.8 million tons / year coal to liquid in Lu'an, Changzhi County, Shanxi Province, and 1.6 billion cubic meters / year coal to gas project in Ordos, Inner Mongolia.

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signals mean that the coal chemical industry, which was braked in 2009, is gradually starting up. At present, China's coal enterprises are facing the severe dilemma of price decline and overcapacity; Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and other provinces relying on the traditional energy industry, the signs of economic growth slowdown have been very obvious.

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in May 2009, the State Council issued the "detailed rules for the adjustment and revitalization of the petrochemical industry", which clearly pointed out: firmly curb the blind development momentum of coal chemical industry. In a series of meetings and policies since then, coal chemical industry, together with steel, cement and other six industries with overcapacity, were listed as the industries that need to focus on strengthening guidance. This year, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of industry and information technology and other departments proposed to stop the approval and construction of traditional coal chemical projects that simply expand production capacity in the next three years. A series of regulatory policies of

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in those years have poured cold water on China's coal chemical industry, which is on a large scale. According to a survey conducted by China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation, there were 27 coal to olefin projects under construction and 26 to be built projects; 10 coal to ethylene glycol projects under construction and 13 planned projects; and 59 coal to natural gas projects. According to the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation, if all these projects with the title of new coal chemical industry are put into operation, they will lead to overall overcapacity.

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at that time, China's hot 4 trillion investment plan led to a shortage of power coal. Many local thermal power plants were faced with the situation that no coal was available, and the price of coal continued to rise. The coal chemical industry investment boom, which is competing with power plants for food and water consumption and facing many disputes, was stopped by the State Council. Now, the market situation and the attitude of the government have changed. Wang Xiujiang, deputy director of the science and Technology Equipment Department of the Federation of petroleum and chemical industry, said, "we do not advocate to replace petroleum with coal chemical industry completely. Instead, we make coal chemical work a powerful supplement to coexist with petroleum line, and at the same time, we can solve the problem of coal surplus."

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in March 2015, the national development and Reform Commission presided over the 25th joint meeting of the coal industry to extricate itself from difficulties. It was held that, affected by the increasing economic downward pressure, weak demand and overcapacity and other factors, the problem of coal supply exceeding demand is still very prominent, and the situation faced by the coal industry to extricate itself from difficulties is very serious. The new coal chemical industry based on the clean transformation of coal has become the way out of the difficulties of the coal industry.

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coal chemical policy shift occurred at the end of last year. On November 19, 2014, the general office of the State Council issued the strategic action plan for energy development (2014-2020), which mentioned that the demonstration projects of coal to oil and coal to gas should be implemented steadily. With Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi and other places as the focus, we will steadily promote the technology research and development and industrialization upgrading demonstration projects of coal to oil and coal to gas. Ding Huande, chairman of the board of directors of

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Huadian coal industry group, made an account: a million tons of aromatics project can achieve 2.4 billion output value, aromatics can be further transformed into high value-added downstream products, and the driving force of related industries can achieve at least 130 billion yuan of output value. Ding Huande said, "building coal to aromatics projects in coal rich areas of Western China will transform coal resources into aromatics and further transform them into downstream products with high added value, thus forming an aromatics industrial chain, which can not only undertake the transfer of aromatics industry, but also promote the upgrading of industrial structure in Western China."

Professor Jin Yong of the Department of chemical engineering of Tsinghua University believes that "coal enterprises should not stop at the primary fuel in order to develop coal chemical industry, but should extend to the industrial chain, do something with high added value, and use coal with high quality and low quality." However, there are still environmental risks in coal chemical projects. The water consumption and carbon emission of coal chemical projects bring risks to environmental pollution, but there is no environmental policy on coal chemical industry in China.

Ding Huande hopes to get some policy support. He suggests that the coal chemical industry should be included in the national strategic projects and supported by finance, taxation and scientific research funds. "The government should give policy support to the sharing and resolution of this kind of risk. For example, if the demonstration project is implemented by the national special fund and injected with capital, the project will be put into operation for three to five years Ding Huande said. Besides the help of

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, the industrial policy is more concerned by the industry. Ren Xiangkun, leader of the "12th Five Year Plan" clean coal technology subject expert group, believes that the development standards should issue corresponding industrial policies as soon as possible, and formulate environmental protection threshold and technical standards.

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Wu Yin believes that environmental protection is investment in technologyThe problems of carbon emission and water consumption can be solved by technical means. He said, "the development of coal chemical industry is of great significance, such as national energy security, economic security issues, coal transformation and industrial upgrading, including driving the development of other industries.". "


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