China's dangerous chemicals industry rectification causes urgent warehouse relocation or final start

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09

The closed old warehouses are even behind the speed of economic development.

This situation continues to this day.

Chai Baoshen said at the 2014 China hazardous chemicals logistics annual meeting that the development speed of hazardous chemicals storage could not keep pace with the rapid growth of China's petrochemical industry, and the shortage of hazardous chemicals warehouse could not be alleviated for a long time.

According to the estimation of dangerous goods storage branch of China Warehousing Association, in 2014, the gap between supply and demand of hazardous chemicals storage in China was more than 25%, and that in some regions was more than 30%.

"The distribution of China's dispersed chemical enterprises has actually increased the pressure on logistics and warehousing.

Generally, within 500 km is a relatively safe and economical transportation distance for hazardous chemicals, but many hazardous chemicals are often transported more than this distance.

" Yun Mian, operation director of delide Logistics Corporation, told reporters that on the one hand, the space distance between coal chemical industry and coastal petrochemical industry cannot be shortened, and the railway transportation capacity cannot be made up for.

A large number of dangerous chemicals need to be transported by road for a long time, and the storage time is longer.

On the other hand, many chemical enterprises are still scattered in the suburbs, so the transportation must pass through urban roads, which increases the risk.

On the other hand, from the production to the circulation of dangerous chemicals, there are more than ten regulatory departments involved, including safety supervision, environment, public security, transportation, medical treatment and so on.

Many experts have suggested the establishment of dangerous chemicals logistics supervision system based on RFID (radio frequency identification technology).

The cost of each RFID card is only 0.

1 yuan, which can be widely promoted.

Qu Ruijing, a senior expert of China Recycling Economy Association and a senior chemical researcher, said that it is not too difficult to supervise electronic labels technically, but the large amount of logistics data formed by the establishment of the system requires manpower that the current safety supervision departments can not afford.

"At present, more than half of the personnel allocation of safety supervision is placed on the production safety supervision and management of mines and coal mines.

Taking the General Administration of China as an example, there are only two or three departments involved in the management of hazardous chemicals.

It is impossible to process such a large amount of information at all.

Only after the new integration of the functions of production safety departments can supervision be truly effective.

" Qu Ruijing said.

Rivers are equally dangerous.

In 2006, the State Environmental Protection Administration announced the results of environmental risk investigation of national chemical and petrochemical construction projects.

Of the 7555 chemical and petrochemical construction projects with a total investment of nearly 1015.

2 billion yuan, 81% of them are located in rivers and water areas, densely populated areas and other environmentally sensitive areas.

45% are major risk sources.

Among the 127 national level projects investigated, 87 are located along the rivers, lakes and seas, accounting for 68.5%. Among them, 18 projects are built along the Yangtze River, accounting for 14.

2%, and 9 projects along the Yellow River, accounting for 7.1%. "The layout of chemical industry parks along the coast and rivers is a common situation in the world.

On the one hand, it is close to the consumer market, on the other hand, it greatly reduces the transportation costs.

This pattern is reasonable.

The key lies in whether the centralized planning and layout and all-round supervision and management are achieved.

" Xiao Jincheng, director of the Institute of land development and regional economy of the national development and Reform Commission, told reporters.

However, such layout makes inland water transportation also bear great pressure of dangerous chemicals transportation.

Take the Yangtze River as an example.

According to the data of the Yangtze River Navigation Administration, the chemical production along the Yangtze River accounts for 46% of the national total.

The throughput of dangerous chemicals in the ports along the Yangtze River has reached 170 million tons, with an average annual growth rate of 9.4%. More than 250 kinds of dangerous chemicals are produced and transported.

At present, there are 62 chemical industrial parks along the Yangtze River with about 2100 production enterprises.

There are more than 250 kinds of dangerous chemicals produced and transported, mainly including propane, butadiene and other flammable gases, crude oil, gasoline, toluene and other flammable liquids, aniline, phenol, tetrachloroethylene and other toxic substances, sulfuric acid, liquid alkali, formaldehyde and other corrosive substances.

At the two sessions of the National People's Congress (NPC) and director of the Yangtze River Navigation Administration of the Ministry of transport, Tang Qiangsheng, a deputy to the National People's Congress and director of the Yangtze River Navigation Administration Bureau of the Ministry of transport, called on the Yangtze River hazardous chemicals production and transportation safety management to ensure the ecological environment of the Yangtze River from the source Drinking water safety of the environment and residents.

However, in the Yangtze River, the transportation of single hull chemical tanker and single hull oil tanker (usually under 1000 tons) is a major hidden danger.

In 2007, the average load of oil tankers in the Yangtze River system was only 451 tons, while that of bulk chemical carriers was 382 tons.

The single hull ship has poor resistance to severe weather and water traffic accidents.

Once capsized, it will threaten the safety of drinking water.

Wang Mingzhi, deputy director of the water transport bureau of the Ministry of transport, once disclosed that 12 dangerous goods containers fell into the water in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area on August 10, 2009.

In this regard, the Ministry of transport issued the "inland river ship type standardization subsidy fund management measures" in April 2014 to carry out the dismantling and transformation of ships.

Subsequently, in June 2014, the general office of the State Council issued the work plan for promoting the construction of the safety guarantee system for the transportation of dangerous chemicals in the Yangtze River.

It was proposed that from January 1, 2016, single shell chemical ships and single hull oil tankers with a load of more than 600 tons were prohibited from entering the Yangtze River trunk line, and the standardization rate of dangerous chemical transport ships reached 70%.

Strengthen the supervision and inspection of dangerous chemicals transport vessels to ensure the safety of transportation.

"The upgrading of dangerous goods vessels is relatively quick.

However, due to the low quality and insufficient training of inland river crew, it is difficult to deal with emergencies, which is still a big hidden danger and can not be solved for a while.

" An expert from the Academy of water transport Sciences of the Ministry of Communications said that it is impossible for the Yangtze River not to transport refined oil and dangerous chemicals, but hopes to take the opportunity of ship upgrading to establish a real-time monitoring system for chemical transportation, so as to ensure the first reaction after an accident.

"For example, in the Rhine River in Germany, the transport of dangerous goods accounts for more than half of the total river transport volume.

However, the German people are not worried.

On the one hand, the ship equipment must be in place, and on the other hand, there must be an extremely strict monitoring and management system.

" Where do chemical enterprises move to? The 12th Five Year Plan for safe production of Hazardous Chemicals issued by the State Administration of work safety in 2011 explicitly required hazardous chemical production enterprises to enter the chemical park before the end of 2015.

But real mass relocation plans have only recently been on the agenda.

At present, the Ministry of industry and information technology has not released the list of more than 1000 hazardous chemical enterprises planned to be relocated.

"The driving force of this incident lies in the local governments and enterprises.

Seeing the consequences of the explosion in Tianjin, they all hope to relocate as soon as possible after self-examination.

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