China will stride forward to a powerful oil and chemical industry in the world

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-10

is a new starting point of the industry development in the 13th five year plan. The strategic goal of China's petroleum and chemical industry development should be positioned to stride forward to the world's oil and chemical industry power. The key to achieve this goal is to enhance the innovation ability. In order to realize this leap forward, our strategy should be changed from "following type" to "leading type"; at the same time, we should not only consolidate and enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries, but also cultivate and develop strategic emerging industries. The strategy of

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has changed from "following" to "leading". The

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have leaped from a big oil and chemical industry country to a powerful country. The biggest change should be the change of the industry development strategy, from "follow-up type" to "leading type", or from "following type" to "following type" and "leading type". Whether the transformation of industry development strategy can be realized and the stride from a big oil and chemical industry country to a powerful country depends on the improvement of the industry's technological innovation ability. During the period of

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and "the 13th five year plan", a series of profound changes are taking place and will take place in the development environment of China's petroleum and chemical industry. For example, the shale gas revolution in North America, the impact of cheap oil and gas resources in the Middle East, the acceleration of structural adjustment of petrochemical industry in Japan and South Korea for China's market, and all countries are speeding up to seize the commanding point of technological innovation. The development environment of the world's petroleum and chemical industry requires that China's petroleum and chemical industry must strengthen its independent innovation and speed up the promotion of industrial competitiveness.

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the present situation of China's petroleum and chemical industry structure also requires us to strengthen technological innovation and speed up industrial transformation and upgrading. A complete industrial chain of petroleum and chemical industry can be roughly divided into five industrial structure levels from raw materials to market terminal. The first is oil, natural gas and chemical mining industry, the second is basic petrochemical raw material processing industry, the third is general petroleum and chemical processing manufacturing industry, the fourth is high-end petroleum and chemical manufacturing industry, and the fifth is strategic emerging stone Oil and chemical industry. Since the beginning of the 21st century, the pace of industrial structure adjustment in the world, especially in the big countries of petroleum and chemical industry, is speeding up obviously. The investment in the fourth and fifth industrial structure levels is increasing, and the competition for seizing the technical commanding heights of the future industries is becoming more and more fierce.

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according to the latest industrial structure analysis in 2014, China's petroleum and chemical industry is mainly concentrated in the first three structural levels with relatively low technology. Their proportions in the overall structure of China's petroleum and chemical industry are 35%, 17.7% and 47.3%, respectively. The products of high-end manufacturing industry and strategic emerging industry are almost blank. Therefore, on the whole, the product technology structure of China's petroleum and chemical industry is still low-end, backward and homogeneous, which highlights the acuteness of industrial structure contradiction and the urgency of accelerating the adjustment of industrial structure.

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therefore, during the 13th Five Year Plan period, the independent innovation of the whole petroleum and chemical industry must be under the premise of overall planning and in accordance with the principle of "doing something and not doing something", concentrating efforts, highlighting key points, and promoting in a coordinated manner, so as to make significant breakthroughs and progress in upgrading industrial structure and enhancing industrial competitiveness.

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enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries.

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China is a big economic country, and the self supporting ability of economic development is an important part of the development strategy of a big country. The self supporting ability and advantages of the traditional industries of petroleum and chemical industry are the indispensable foundation for the economic development of large countries. In order to realize the leap forward development of petroleum and chemical industry, it is necessary to consolidate and enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries.

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are facing three opportunities to develop traditional industries. First of all, China's economy maintains a medium and high-speed development, which provides a strong driving force for the development of traditional industries. Secondly, the huge domestic market demand provides growth space for the development of traditional industries. Thirdly, the national macro-control policy is changing from extensive and "one size fits all" management method to multi pronged, accurate and in place, and the management concept has also changed from administrative intervention to market-oriented, which is conducive to the release of development vitality of traditional industries. In order to consolidate and enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries,

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must take a new way of "reducing development and increasing by multiplication", so as to achieve the overall goal of "reasonable total amount, advanced technology, optimized structure and outstanding competitive advantage". The subtraction of

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traditional industries is to further strengthen industrial advantages, improve industrial competitiveness and enhance industrial vitality. For example, enterprises or devices whose energy saving and emission reduction are not up to standard and whose profit level is too poor should be eliminated. By doing a good job in subtraction, we can realize the development strategy of "reducing but not weak" and "less is better", so as to create a number of elite and powerful generals of traditional industries and form a number of advantageous clusters of traditional industries. At the same time, traditional industries should also do a good job in multiplication, and inject new impetus into the sustainable development of traditional industries through technological upgrading and structural optimization. For example, in the development of high-end and differentiated products, we boldly embrace the terminal market. During the period of

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and "the 13th five year plan", China's petroleum and chemical industry must seize the opportunity, clarify the direction, highlight the key points, and accelerate the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries with Chinese characteristics and advantages in accordance with the overall requirements of leapfrog development and the principle of "doing something, not doing something". This is a major issue that needs to be discussed in depth and brainstorming. Initially, six strategic emerging industries, including new chemical materials, new energy, biochemical and biomass fuels, modern coal chemical industry, energy conservation and environmental protection, and producer services, should be cultivated and developed. By 2020, the proportion of the output value of strategic emerging industries in the petroleum and chemical industry will be significantly increased, and an industrial pattern with clear direction and coordinated promotion will be basically formed, which will play a significant role in promoting the transformation and upgrading of the whole industry, and provide strong support for the leap forward of the petroleum and chemical power.

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should give priority to the development of new chemical materials industry, focusing on the development of high-performance materials, high-performance fibers, high-performance composite materials, new inorganic non-metallic materials, electronic chemicals, 3D printing materials and functional materials.

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will vigorously develop shale gas and other new energy industries, and promote the construction of marine test area, marine land transitional facies test area and continental phase test area, and strive to form large-scale production by 2020, with an annual output of more than 30 billion cubic meters. "