Coal chemical industry adjustment, stick to the low tide of enterprise industry and train internal strength

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09
After the rapid development of

coal chemical industry in the early stage, with the decline of oil price, the domestic environmental protection standards continue to improve and enter a new development cycle. Some people in the industry said that many projects could not be started, and some projects under its group had been quietly shelved. Despite the superficial beauty of some enterprises, they suffer a lot. After the rapid development of

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coal chemical industry, with the fall of oil price, the domestic environmental protection standards have been continuously improved and entered a new development cycle.

"for our enterprises, the speed of investment has slowed down, some projects have become uneconomical, and there are not a few of them on hold for the time being." A coal chemical enterprise in Northern Shaanxi told our reporter, "we have always insisted on doing technology research and development, extending the industrial chain and improving the ability to resist risks."

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coal chemical industry is mainly a chemical industry chain with coal as fuel. Most of its products are supplied by petroleum and natural gas chemical industry. The economy of the project is related to the oil price. In China, coal to liquid and coal to gas are generally included in the category of coal chemical industry. In the process chain of coal chemical enterprises, there are often not only coal to liquid and coal to gas products, but also various chemical products.

the new environment of coal chemical industry

on July 7, the State Energy Administration issued the guidance on standardizing coal to fuel demonstration work (the second draft for comments). The draft clearly points out that we should steadily promote the construction of coal to fuel demonstration projects, adhere to the strictest environmental protection standards, and implement the most stringent environmental protection standards or higher environmental protection requirements in the energy and chemical fields.

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and "coal to oil" and "coal to gas" have all fallen into recession due to the drop of oil price since last year, and many projects have been stranded, mainly for economic reasons. Coal chemical industry is also more so than coal to liquid gas. Compared with the previous boom, this is mainly the lack of economy. " The source told reporters. The development of

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coal chemical industry has always had twists and turns. In May 2009, the State Council issued the "petrochemical industry adjustment and revitalization plan", which first proposed to carry out coal chemical demonstration work. Investment enthusiasm for coal to gas industry has been aroused all over the country, and a large number of project construction plans have been put forward.

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in June 2010, the national development and Reform Commission issued the notice on issues related to the standardization of coal to gas industry development, tightening the approval authority of coal to gas projects to the national level. In March 2011, the national development and Reform Commission explicitly prohibited the construction of coal to gas projects with an annual output of less than 2 billion cubic meters.

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in December 2012, the National Energy Administration issued the 12th Five Year Plan for natural gas development, proposing that by 2015, China's coal to gas production will reach 15 billion cubic meters, accounting for 8.5% of the domestic natural gas, and coal to gas will be included in the natural gas development plan for the first time. In 2014, under the action plan of air pollution prevention and control and the measures to standardize the scientific and orderly development of coal to liquid and coal to natural gas industries, coal to fuel was tightened again.

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in the environment of pollution control and water resources management, the coal to fuel demonstration project is more prominent with high environmental protection standards and water consumption, and many preliminary projects are in a state of stagnation. "13th five year plan" energy related planning is being formulated, coal chemical industry will also enter a new period.

"from the perspective of enterprises, as long as the investment in environmental protection can meet the standard, only when enterprises invest, the bearing capacity should be calculated." He said so.

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industry is in a low tide.

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coal to fuel are commonly referred to as coal to oil and coal to gas, that is, coal is used as the main raw material and processed and transformed by physical and chemical methods to produce gasoline, kerosene, diesel, aviation kerosene, naphtha, blending components of product oil, liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas and other liquid or gas fuels. There are many

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coal chemical process routes, mainly including coal to oil (direct liquefaction, indirect liquefaction), coal to olefin (MTO, MTP), coal to natural gas, coal to dimethyl ether, coal to ethylene glycol, etc., and coal to aromatics being explored. The representative projects of

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include Shenhua Erdos (600295, Guba) coal direct liquefaction, Shenhua Baotou coal to olefin (MTO), Shenhua Ningxia coal to olefin (MTP), Datang Duolun coal to olefin (MTP), Shenhua, Yitai, Lu'an coal indirect liquefaction, Datang Keqi and Fuxin coal to natural gas, Zhongtian hechuang Wushen Banner coal to dimethyl ether, Henan coal to Tongliao coal to ethylene glycol, etc.

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by the end of 2014, there were about 50 coal to gas projects under construction in China, mainly distributed in the provinces rich in coal resources in Western China. If the proposed projects of enterprises are included, according to the rough statistics of private organizations, the production capacity of coal to gas projects in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia will exceed 200 billion cubic meters, which is higher than the total domestic natural gas consumption at the end of 2014. Many projects of

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are impossible to start, and some projects under our group have been quietly shelved. After the oil price fell last year, the coal chemical projects put into operation, mainly methanol products, were in poor operation, and the oil price fell too fast. " The above-mentioned people said, "do not look at the superficial scenery of some enterprises, but actually suffer a lot."

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however, with the decline of oil price, the domestic coal price has also started to fall since the end of 2011. Since this year, the coal price has also been falling continuously. Compared with the two phases, the decline of coal price is still more than the oil price. Is coal chemical industry still lack of economy?

"market coal prices continue to decline, but at present, most of the coal chemical projects are supplied by their own coal mines, coal prices in the preliminary feasibility report are very low, so there is no problem of coal prices." According to the above analysis, environmental protection is a rigid indicator, and no enterprise dares to go against the policy.

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however, as an industry, enterprises can not stop completely. "We insist on studying through the industrial chain, improving the coal conversion efficiency, exploring some new technologies and process routes, and dispersing the risk of price changes through the whole industrial chain products.". He explained in this way that after the improvement of standards and the reduction of efficiency, it is necessary to put together technology and management.


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