Coal chemical industry is still a sunrise industry in the 13th five year plan

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09
Hu Qianlin, Secretary General of coal chemical industry special committee of

, recently made a speech on the development trend and direction of coal chemical industry during the 13th Five Year Plan period at the 2015 coal chemical industry environmental protection technology application and innovation seminar. Hu pointed out that it is necessary to move forward cautiously.

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Hu Qianlin pointed out that we must face up to the problems and challenges of coal chemical industry. At present, the industry is facing the problem of overheated development, and the development speed exceeds the "demonstration stage" of coal chemical industry. If the

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are calculated according to the planned and under construction projects, the total investment will reach nearly 1.56 trillion yuan. The coal and water resources to be consumed are huge. At present, 18 projects have been approved or agreed to start the preliminary work, with a total capacity of 74 billion cubic meters and a total investment of about 463 billion yuan; seven projects with a total capacity of 13.9 million tons and a total investment of about 148 billion yuan have been approved or approved by the national development and Reform Commission; there are 53 projects under construction with a total capacity of 33.66 million tons and a total investment of about 900 billion yuan.

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Hu Qianlin summarized the current situation of coal chemical industry. He believed that China's coal chemical industry is a new force, and the industry is developing rapidly. No matter in terms of technology or scale, China's coal chemical industry is now out of the position of the largest production scale and the most cutting-edge technology in the world. In addition to the traditional coal chemical industry: urea, synthetic ammonia and other projects, with the development of technology, more coal chemical products are put into demonstration. At present, coal to oil, coal to olefin, coal to ethylene glycol, coal to natural gas and other projects have successively made achievements. First, the demonstration project of

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has achieved remarkable results, and the industrial scale has steadily increased. At present, the coal liquefaction capacity has reached 1.63 million tons / year, methanol to gasoline production capacity can reach 400 thousand tons / year, coal tar hydrogenation capacity can reach 1.42 million tons / year, coal to ethylene glycol production capacity is 1.3 million tons / year. In 2014, methanol to olefins were put into operation, 10 sets of units with a total scale of 4.69 million tons were put into operation in 9 projects, with a total scale of 3.105 billion cubic meters / year. Second, industrial agglomeration is emerging, and the pattern of base is gradually formed. Hu Qianlin stressed that in recent years, under the guidance of national industrial planning and local planning, the projects are mainly concentrated in Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Ningxia and other provinces and regions. Hu pointed out that industrial agglomeration is the general direction of coal chemical industry development, which is conducive to the effective utilization of regional coal resources and the improvement of upstream and downstream supporting facilities. Third, the breakthrough in coal chemical technology and equipment provides support for the development of coal chemical industry. In particular, the breakthroughs in million ton coal direct liquefaction technology and equipment and 160000 ton / year Fischer Tropsch synthesis oil production technology and equipment provide technical support for the next development of coal chemical industry.

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Hu Qianlin analyzed the main reasons for the overheated development of the industry. In his opinion, in the early stage of the 12th Five Year Plan period, for further integration of coal resources in the province and the establishment of the development idea of transforming coal transportation into power transmission and coal chemical products, the rapid expansion of coal chemical industry will be greatly stimulated. During this period, in order to obtain coal resources, enterprises blindly pursued the local transformation policy even though they lacked chemical capacity, and were forced to carry out coal chemical projects in Malaysia, resulting in huge waste of resources. In order to pursue short-term benefits, some enterprises follow blindly and homogenize their products.

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however, the sharp drop in international oil prices last year has poured water on the "overheated" coal chemical industry. Due to the fact that coal chemical industry is rich in coal and poor in oil in China, it is only in economic and strategic consideration that coal chemical industry gradually rises. The international oil price turbulence has brought a great impact to the coal chemical industry. The expansion speed of coal chemical industry finally began to stabilize, and the industry began to cool down and reflect. The development of

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coal chemical industry must face the unavoidable problems of water resources and environmental resources. The wastewater from coal chemical industry is difficult to be treated, and high concentration and salt containing wastewater. The western region is rich in coal resources, but lack of water resources. At present, some coal rich areas have no redundant water intake index. At present, there is no water in the two districts. The realization of "zero discharge" in some coal rich areas will be an important topic in the future development of coal chemical industry.

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Hu Qianlin pointed out that it is necessary to establish the industrial orientation of coal chemical industry. Although with the drop in oil prices and frequent environmental problems, some time ago, the voice of questioning coal chemical industry is frequent. Nevertheless, modern coal chemical industry is still one of the important industries of energy and chemical industry in the 13th five year plan, and it is still a sunrise industry. There are three reasons. The status of coal is hard to shake, whether in terms of production capacity or total consumption (energy consumption accounted for 66% last year), although coal weakness has become the norm, the dominant position of coal consumption remains unchanged. The development of coal chemical industry in China must consider the problem in combination with the national conditions. China is not likely to be the second largest energy import country. The development of coal chemical industry is fundamentally considered from the national strategic level. Third, coal chemical industry is the key direction of clean coal conversion. The whole coal chemical industry is still in deep demonstration and moderate development, and the projects with mature technology and scale should be continuously developed, such as coal to olefin and other excellent projects. However, for other projects, such as coal to natural gas and coal to aromatics, which are still in the exploratory stage, the attitude of seeking stability in stability must be implemented, and the demonstration role should still be emphasized in the 13th five year plan. We should adhere to the principle of demonstration first and make scientific layout. In addition, we must adhere to the autonomy of technology and equipment.

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at present, China has determined the layout of 1.4 billion tons of coal bases. Ningxia Ningdong, Inner Mongolia Erdos (600295, Guba) and Yulin, Shaanxi are the development priorities. Abundant resources, convenient transportation and mature technology. Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Yunnan and Guizhou, including a few other provinces in transportation, can moderately develop coal chemical industry.


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