Coal chemical industry needs to give priority to energy products

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09
During the period of

and "13th five year plan", China's coal chemical industry must put the production of energy products in the first place and chemicals in the second place. On this premise, the implementation of total coal consumption control, and through cutting off the benefit chain of feasibility study report, giving evaluation opinions within a time limit by the management department, and promoting the process technology to the international level, the coal chemical industry can achieve better development in the 13th Five Year Plan period.

and

are the first energy chemicals and the second

and

coal chemical industry can not be over developed, which has become a consensus. What is the focus of coal chemical industry development? This must be clear in the 13th Five Year Plan period. Coal chemical products are mainly in the field of energy and chemicals. Energy products are people's livelihood issues, while chemicals are profit issues. To clarify this issue, we need to clarify whether livelihood priority or profit priority.

China is a large country with a population of nearly 1.4 billion, and its energy demand ranks first in all material needs. Therefore, coal chemical industry should put energy demand in the first place. No matter how much crude oil price falls in the world, some oil and gas must be produced. But that doesn't mean you don't want chemicals, just put them in the second place. The main raw material of

and

coal chemical industry is coal. The coal chemical plant converts about 30% carbon element in coal into products, and the remaining 70% carbon element is converted into CO2 and discharged into the atmosphere. Therefore, the key to control CO2 emission is to reduce coal consumption. At present, China's coal consumption has reached the top value. The author believes that under the condition that the national coal consumption has reached saturation, the principle of "total amount control, reducing the East and increasing the west" must be implemented during the 13th Five Year Plan period, that is, reducing the coal consumption in the eastern region and increasing the coal consumption in the western region, so as to achieve a constant total coal consumption in the whole country.

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cut off the feasibility study, and prepare the interest chain of

and

. The feasibility study report should be provided for the establishment of China's

and

. Now this kind of feasibility study report has a lot of randomness. Some reports are completely based on the subjective will, resulting in a series of problems such as insufficient resources, technology not reaching the design value, and substandard treatment of "three wastes", which are far from the original "feasibility". The reasons why the feasibility reports of

and

are not feasible are mainly caused by the following aspects. For example, the compiling party is the future interest party. In order to obtain the project, the preparation unit will do everything possible to find reasons to prove the feasibility of the project; the project is decided by the leader, so long as the leader determines that the project is feasible, the people below will follow to find evidence to prove its feasibility; The owners are eager to win and rashly build the demonstration plant with untested technology; the experts are not professional and independent. In some projects, the experts are invited by the owners to join in, and they are not proficient in the specific technology of the project and lack of judgment. In order to change this situation,

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suggest that the following major improvements should be made to the compilation and audit of feasibility study: first, the compilers can not participate in the design, manufacturing, supervision, contracting and other charging business of the project in the future, and the equipment manufacturers and technology providers related to the project should not be members of the expert group, thus cutting off the interest chain of the compilers. Second, the preparation of the feasibility report should be led by the government agencies at the national level, especially after the success of major technology, the national macro development feasibility study report should be prepared. At the same time, we should establish the project accountability system. Once the "infeasible" problem occurs, we should investigate the responsibility of the relevant person in charge. Third, the infeasibility analysis of major projects should be carried out, which, together with the feasibility study report, should be used as the basis for the approval of relevant national departments. In the period of

,

and "the Twelfth Five Year Plan", there is a very strange phenomenon in the development of coal chemical industry, that is, "lazy management". In many places, the enthusiasm for developing coal chemical industry is very high, but the feasibility study report submitted to the competent authorities has not fallen down for several years, neither affirming nor denying it. The reporter had no choice but to design, order and construct. By the time of approval, it has been basically completed. If the project is denied again at this time, who should bear the consequences and how to bear it?

and

. Therefore, it is necessary to control the management department and implement the principle of "periodic review". That is, after the feasibility study report is submitted, a reply is given within a certain period (such as three months). If no reply is given after the expiration of the period, it is automatically approved.

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promote process technology to go abroad

The development of

in China's modern coal chemical industry has gone through the stage of purchasing foreign patent technology and independently developing process technology. Many independent technologies, such as F-T synthesis, MTO, pressure swing adsorption, low-temperature methanol washing, multi nozzle coal water slurry gasification, aerospace furnace, Tsinghua furnace, synthesis gas to ethylene glycol, etc., have been widely used in coal chemical industry and gradually matured, Reach or surpass the world advanced level. Therefore, the development of China's coal chemical industry should enter a new stage of process technology going to the world. Specifically, it is suggested that the state should authorize PetroChina (601857, Guba) and the Federation of chemical industries to carry out this work.


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