Full text of the 13th five year plan for chlor alkali industry

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09

The overcapacity caused by the outstanding shield has been aggravated.

In addition, the production capacity of caustic soda and PVC is regional surplus, and the regional distribution is unbalanced.

During the 12th Five Year Plan period, the newly expanded caustic soda production capacity in the eastern region is mainly to achieve the balance of chlorine resources.

The capacity of some major chlorine consuming products, such as methane chloride, epichlorohydrin, chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbon series products, chloroacetic acid, chlorinated paraffin, trichlorosilane, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, shows signs of excess capacity.

The central and western regions have become the main supply areas of caustic soda and PVC products, while the main consumption areas are concentrated in the eastern and southern regions.

The mismatch between the capacity expansion and the distribution of downstream consumption areas has resulted in a large number of PVC and solid caustic soda supplies from the central and western regions to the East China, South China and other major consumption areas through "goods from the west to the East" and "goods from the north to the South". 2.2 the product structure is relatively single, and the homogenization competition is fierce.

Chlor alkali enterprises participate in international competition not only by virtue of the scale strength of a single product, but also by the overall competitiveness of the enterprise's "alkali chlorine balance" and product structure.

At present, the proportion of organic chlorine products, high-grade products, special products, deep processing and high added value products, especially the fine chemical products which are very important to the development of chlor alkali industry, are small in proportion and lack of development.

PVC products have many general brands and are specially used There are few resins, many low value-added products and few high-value-added products.

Compared with foreign countries, the quality, technical level and application fields of PVC products are still far behind.

Many fields that have been widely used in foreign countries have not been fully developed, resulting in excessive competition in traditional application fields and insufficient competition in emerging application fields, which can not meet the requirements of industrial structure adjustment and development. 2.3 the benefits are declining and the development situation is grim.

By the end of 2015, the operating rates of caustic soda and PVC in China were 78% and 68% respectively.

In the late period of the 12th Five Year Plan, although the operating rate showed a slow upward trend, the profitability of the industry showed a downward trend.

According to the statistical data of China Chlor Alkali Industry Association, during 2013-2015, the whole industry of chlor alkali industry suffered losses for three consecutive years, with a loss area of more than 50%.

In the first half of the 12th Five Year Plan period, upstream and downstream enterprises, private enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises have stepped up to enter the chlor alkali industry, which has a great impact on the original industry pattern.

From the second half of the 12th Five Year Plan to the 13th five year plan, with the economic development entering the "new normal", the growth rate of product consumption will decline, the market competition will be more intense, the prices of main products will remain at a low level, the profitability of chlor alkali industry will not be greatly improved, and enterprises will face a more severe situation.

During the 12th Five Year Plan period, the domestic market is still under the impact and pressure of imported products, especially the shale gas technology in North America and the cheap oil and gas resources in the Middle East drive the export of relevant chlor alkali products.

With the release of China's chlor alkali production capacity and the increasing export volume, the competition for the overseas market of primary products will become increasingly fierce.

As China is the largest consumer market of chlor alkali products, foreign companies compete for the emerging countries and Chinese markets through technical blockade and setting up factories in neighboring countries, which forms greater pressure on domestic enterprises in the development of high value-added products.

In recent years, driven by the awareness of independent innovation, the level of equipment technology in the industry has been gradually improved.

For example, the ion exchange membrane for caustic soda production has been successfully localized, and has been evaluated and applied in more than 10 enterprises.

oxygen cathode technology and catalytic oxidation technology for chlorine production, which may bring technological changes in the future, have also made certain progress in research and development.

In the process of rapid expansion of production capacity in the industry, the requirements for technological progress are increasing day by day.

The self-developed process, technology and device with international advanced level are constantly applied.

However, at the same time, there is still a certain gap between domestic chlor alkali industry and foreign countries.

China's chlor alkali product market presents the characteristics of low demand level, large market space and unreasonable structure, and technological innovation is a process full of risks and uncertainties, which makes a considerable number of chlor alkali enterprises obtain as much short-term benefits as possible with the old technology and low-cost production mode.

Moreover, the competition of the same kind and disorderly competition objectively limits the space for technological innovation.

Compared with chlor alkali enterprises in developed countries, the majority of domestic chlor alkali enterprises are still production-oriented enterprises, and there is a widespread "bring in" idea for advanced technology and process.

The technological innovation ability of chlor alkali enterprises in China is still insufficient to support the transformation of development mode and realize the upgrading of industrial structure.

The developed countries in the world have been developing large-scale PVC plants with ethylene oxychloride process by combining chlor alkali industry with petrochemical industry.

Although China's coal chemical technology continues to improve and mature, the source of ethylene and propylene is diversified.

Due to the lack of overall coordination between local governments and industries for a long time, the development of ethylene oxychloride PVC project is slow.

The comprehensive utilization rate of limited ethylene resources and the overall competitiveness of PVC industry are affected to a certain extent, and it is difficult to realize the large-scale and intensive operation of the plant. 1. The Minamata Convention on mercury has an important impact on the development of PVC by calcium carbide process in China.

At present, the total consumption of mercury in PVC mining industry accounts for about 50% of the total consumption of mercury in China, and China's mercury mining industry still needs a large amount of mercury.

The Minamata Convention on mercury was adopted at the International Conference of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Kumamoto, Japan on October 10, 2013.

It is expected that the Minamata Convention on Mercury will take effect in China after it is passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress in 2016.

Calcium carbide PVC industry is the most important field to carry out the implementation of the contract in China.

With the development of national economy, the output and demand of PVC will be further expanded, and the demand for Mercury will also increase accordingly.

If no effective reduction and emission reduction measures are taken, the PVC industry of calcium carbide process will not only face the pressure of fulfilling international conventions, but also face more and more prominent problems in resources and environment. 1.2 the development of shale gas in the United States is exerting continuous pressure on the future development of China's chlor alkali industry.

The development and production of shale gas in the United States are increasing on a large scale.