Leap forward to a powerful oil and chemical industry

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-10

Standing at the new starting point of the industry development in the 13th Five Year Plan period, the strategic goal of China's petroleum and chemical industry development should be positioned to stride to the world's oil and chemical industry power.

The key to achieve this goal is to enhance the innovation ability.

In order to realize this leap forward, our strategy should be changed from "following type" to "leading type".

at the same time, we should not only consolidate and enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries, but also cultivate and develop strategic emerging industries.

The biggest change should be the change of industry development strategy, from "following" to "leading", or from "following" to "following" and "leading".

Whether the transformation of industry development strategy can be realized and the stride from a big oil and chemical industry country to a powerful country depends on the improvement of the industry's technological innovation ability.

During the 13th Five Year Plan period, a series of profound changes are taking place and will take place in the development environment of China's petroleum and chemical industry.

For example, the shale gas revolution in North America, the impact of cheap oil and gas resources in the Middle East, the acceleration of structural adjustment of petrochemical industry in Japan and South Korea for China's market, and the acceleration of each country's technological innovation commanding point.

The development environment of the world's petroleum and chemical industry requires that China's petroleum and chemical industry must strengthen its independent innovation and speed up the promotion of industrial competitiveness.

The present situation of China's petroleum industry must also be upgraded.

A complete industrial chain of petroleum and chemical industry can be roughly divided into five industrial structure levels from raw materials to market terminal.

The first is oil, natural gas and chemical mining industry, the second is basic petrochemical raw material processing industry, the third is general petroleum and chemical processing manufacturing industry, the fourth is high-end petroleum and chemical manufacturing industry, and the fifth is strategic emerging stone Oil and chemical industry.

Since the beginning of the 21st century, the pace of industrial structure adjustment in the world, especially in the big countries of petroleum and chemical industry, is speeding up obviously.

The investment in the fourth and fifth industrial structure levels is increasing, and the competition for seizing the technical commanding heights of the future industries is becoming more and more fierce.

According to the latest industrial structure analysis in 2014, China's petroleum and chemical industry is mainly concentrated in the first three structural levels with relatively low technology, and their proportions in the overall structure of China's petroleum and chemical industry are 35%, 17.

7% and 47.

3% respectively.

The products of high-end manufacturing industry and strategic emerging industry are almost blank.

Therefore, on the whole, the product technology structure of China's petroleum and chemical industry is still low-end, backward and homogeneous, which highlights the acuteness of industrial structure contradiction and the urgency of accelerating the adjustment of industrial structure.

Therefore, during the 13th Five Year Plan period, the independent innovation of the whole petroleum and chemical industry must, under the premise of overall planning and in accordance with the principle of "do something and do nothing", concentrate efforts, highlight key points, and promote in a coordinated manner, so as to make significant breakthroughs and progress in the upgrading of industrial structure and industrial competitiveness.

China is a big economic country to enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries.

The self supporting ability of economic development is an important part of the development strategy of a big country.

The self supporting ability and advantages of the traditional industries of petroleum and chemical industry are the indispensable foundation for the economic development of large countries.

In order to realize the leap forward development of petroleum and chemical industry, it is necessary to consolidate and enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries.

There are three opportunities for the development of traditional industries.

First of all, China's economy maintains a medium and high-speed development, which provides a strong driving force for the development of traditional industries.

Secondly, the huge domestic market demand provides growth space for the development of traditional industries.

Thirdly, the national macro-control policy is changing from extensive and "one size fits all" management method to multi pronged, accurate and in place, and the management concept has also changed from administrative intervention to market-oriented, which is conducive to the release of development vitality of traditional industries.

In order to consolidate and enhance the competitiveness of traditional industries, we must take a new way of "reducing the strength of development, increasing the multiplication", and finally achieve the overall goal of "reasonable total amount, advanced technology, optimized structure and outstanding competitive advantage".

The subtraction of traditional industries is to further strengthen industrial advantages, improve industrial competitiveness and enhance industrial vitality.

For example, enterprises or devices whose energy saving and emission reduction are not up to standard and whose profit level is too poor should be eliminated.

By doing a good job in subtraction, we can realize the development strategy of "reducing but not weak" and "less is better", so as to create a number of elite and powerful generals of traditional industries and form a number of advantageous clusters of traditional industries.

At the same time, traditional industries should also do a good job in multiplication, and inject new impetus into the sustainable development of traditional industries through technological upgrading and structural optimization.

For example, in the development of high-end and differentiated products, we boldly embrace the terminal market.

During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China's petroleum and chemical industry must, in accordance with the overall requirements of leapfrog development and the principle of "doing something, not doing something", seize the opportunity, clarify the direction, highlight the key points, and accelerate the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries with Chinese characteristics and advantages.

This is a major issue that needs to be discussed in depth and brainstorming.

Initially, six strategic emerging industries, including new chemical materials, new energy, biochemical and biomass fuels, modern coal chemical industry, energy conservation and environmental protection, and producer services, should be cultivated and developed.

By 2020, the proportion of the output value of strategic emerging industries in the petroleum and chemical industry will be significantly increased, and an industrial pattern with clear direction and coordinated promotion will be basically formed, which will play a significant role in promoting the transformation and upgrading of the whole industry, and provide strong support for the leap forward of the petroleum and chemical power.

From the development point of view, priority should be given to the development of new chemical materials industry, focusing on the development of high-performance materials, high-performance fibers, high-performance composite materials, new inorganic non-metallic materials, electronic chemicals, 3D printing materials and functional materials.

We will vigorously develop shale gas and other new energy industries, promote the construction of marine experimental zones, marine terrestrial transitional facies pilot zones and terrestrial pilot zones, and strive to form large-scale production by 2020, with an annual output of more than 30 billion cubic meters.

Accelerate the development of biochemical and biomass energy, focus on the development of new bio based materials and bio based chemicals, and accelerate the industrialization of scientific and technological achievements.

increase support for non grain crops, accelerate the formulation of biochemical and biomass fuel standard systems, and form large-scale development of biomass fuels such as non grain bioethanol.

and utilize the existing bio chemical industry baseWe should speed up the cultivation of competitive advantages of new biochemical products.

To promote the standardized and healthy development of modern coal chemical industry, adhere to the guiding ideology of "in-depth demonstration, reasonable layout, summing up experience, cultivating advantages, continuous innovation, and steady development", and the principle of "acting according to one's ability, water and environment carrying capacity", and at the same time, comprehensively considering Coal resources, environmental capacity, market demand and transportation conditions should be steadily expanded to strictly prevent overheating.

Actively develop energy conservation and environmental protection industry, focus on the development of new and applicable technologies, and promote the transformation of high-tech achievements in environmental protection industry.

Focus on the prevention and control of mercury pollution, air pollution control, phosphogypsum treatment, high difficulty organic wastewater, salt containing wastewater, VOCs treatment, hazardous waste disposal, waste gas recycling, odor control and other outstanding environmental protection problems, deeply promote the application of advanced and applicable circular economy and clean production technology and equipment, and cultivate a number of demonstration projects, enterprises and parks.

Focus on the construction of a number of environmental protection industrial parks and regional centers for distribution and processing.

actively carry out field tests on CO2 capture, utilization and storage, and build million ton demonstration projects.

Efforts should be made to promote the construction of producer services, focusing on the development of modern production services such as modern logistics, scientific and technological services, creative design, business services, information services, and business circulation.

around petrochemical industry clusters and chemical industry parks, we should cultivate some distinctive clusters of producer services.

We will accelerate the in-depth integration of informatization and industrialization, and cultivate a number of large-scale and specialized service enterprises integrating electronic transactions, storage terminals and logistics distribution.

In addition, one belt, one road strategy brings great opportunities to the development of the industry, and the future development trend of the chemical industry park is also worth our attention.

(author: Li Shousheng, executive vice president of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation) (source: China Chemical Industry News).