Ministry of industry and information technology plans to promote the relocation of thousands of chemical enterprises

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09

On August 27, Chen Changzhi, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, made a report on inspecting the implementation of the water pollution prevention and control law at the 16th meeting of the 12th NPC Standing Committee.

On August 29, the 16th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People's Congress held a joint group meeting to inquire about the report of the law enforcement inspection group of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on inspecting the implementation of the water pollution prevention and control law.

At the special inquiry meeting, Vice Premier Wang Yang, on behalf of the State Council, attended the meeting to answer questions.

Leading comrades of the departments attending the meeting included Chen Jining and Zhai Qing, vice directors of the Ministry of environmental protection, Zhang Yong, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, Wan Gang Minister of the Ministry of science and technology, Miao Wei Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, Lou Jiwei of the Ministry of finance, Jiang Daming and Wang Min of the Ministry of land and resources, Lu Kehua, Vice Minister of housing and urban construction, and water conservancy Chen Lei (microblog) minister of the Ministry of agriculture, and Han Changfu, Minister of the Ministry of agriculture.

Ding Xiangyang, Deputy Secretary General of the State Council, attended the meeting.

Wang Yang revealed at the special inquiry meeting that the CPC Central Committee and the State Council are organizing the preparation of an overall plan for the reform of the ecological civilization system, so as to promote the construction of ecological civilization, including the prevention and control of water pollution, and the system reform.

There are five problems in the implementation of the water pollution prevention and control law.

From May to June this year, five inspection teams led by Shen Yueyue, AI Ligeng Yiming Bhai and Chen Changzhi, and 32 members of the National People's Congress Environmental Protection and assets committee and deputies to the National People's Congress made five inspection teams to inspect the implementation of the law in six provinces (cities).

At the same time, the standing committees of the National People's congresses of 25 other provinces (districts and cities) were entrusted to inspect the implementation of the water pollution prevention and control law in their respective administrative regions.

Chen Changzhi pointed out in the report that from the inspection results, China's water environment quality is not optimistic.

In 2014, 9.

2% of the national surface water quality control sections were inferior to class V, which basically lost the water use function. 24.6% of the key lakes were in eutrophic state, and many rivers and ditches flowing through cities and towns were black and smelly, and the pollution situation of coastal waters was not optimistic.

There are five problems in the implementation of water pollution prevention and control law.

First of all, the discharge of pollutants is large, the water ecology is seriously damaged, and there are many hidden dangers in the water environment.

In 2014, China's chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions were 22.

946 million tons and 2.

385 million tons respectively.

Agricultural and domestic sources have become the main sources of water pollutants, accounting for 85.

7% of COD and 89.

6% of ammonia nitrogen.

The characteristics of industrial structural pollution are obvious.

Four industries, including papermaking, agricultural and sideline food processing, chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing, and textile industry, account for more than half of industrial source emissions.

Some local industrial layout is unreasonable, about 80% of chemical and petrochemical enterprises are located along the river, which brings high environmental risks.

There are still some water shortage areas, serious water pollution areas and sensitive areas, which have not effectively curbed the rapid development of high water consumption and high pollution industries.

In 2014, more than 60% of major environmental emergencies were directly investigated by the Ministry of environmental protection.

Secondly, the prevention and control of water pollution in agriculture and rural areas is prominent.

Agricultural non-point source pollution has become the largest emission source of chemical oxygen demand in China, accounting for about 48% of the total emissions.

ammonia nitrogen emissions are second only to domestic sources, accounting for 31.

7% of the total emissions.

Rural water pollution prevention and control infrastructure construction lags behind, the lack of sewage collection and treatment system, the rural environmental supervision ability and level is low, most of the domestic sewage and garbage are discharged and dumped at will.

Third, there are hidden dangers in drinking water sources.

Among the 329 cities in China, 278 cities met the standard of centralized drinking water source, accounting for 84.5%. In 86 cities above prefecture level, 141 first-class water source protection areas and 52 second-class water source protection areas have not been completed, and there is a lack of clear assessment system and responsibility provisions.

Moreover, the long-term mechanism of water pollution prevention and control is not perfect.

The investment guarantee mechanism of sewage treatment facilities construction and operation is not perfect, the market-oriented financing is difficult, the supervision mechanism of water resources and water environment is not perfect, the system construction and cooperation mechanism of basin management and regional supervision is lagging behind, and the ecological compensation system is not complete.

Fifthly, the laws and regulations of water pollution prevention and control need to be improved.

The target responsibility and assessment system of water pollution prevention and control are not perfect, the relationship between pollution discharge permit system and standards, environmental impact assessment and total amount control system has not been straightened out, the joint prevention and control system of river basin and regional sea area and the cross administrative horizontal ecological compensation system are not perfect, and the regulations on groundwater pollution prevention and water ecological protection are weak.

At present, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress has included the revision of the law on prevention and control of water pollution into the five-year legislative plan of the 12th National People's Congress.

Chen Changzhi introduced that during the enforcement inspection of the law on the prevention and control of water pollution, suggestions for amending the existing laws in various aspects are as follows: do a good job in linking up the water pollution prevention and control law with the environmental protection law and relevant laws, and clarify the legislative ideas with the improvement of water environment quality as the core.

We should improve the target responsibility system and assessment system of water environment protection in river basins, clarify the environmental protection responsibilities of local governments, and strengthen the assessment of local governments, relevant departments and their responsible persons.

We should strengthen the main responsibility of enterprises in pollution control and intensify the punishment of illegal enterprises and related responsible persons.

Chen Changzhi pointed out that the rights and obligations of citizens to participate in water pollution prevention and control should be clarified.

We will establish a water environment risk assessment, emergency and public monitoring and early warning system, and improve the system of total pollutant discharge control, drinking water safety guarantee, pollution discharge permit, regional basin joint prevention and treatment, and ecological compensation system.

We should strengthen information disclosure, strengthen economic means and incentive policies, improve relevant regulations on groundwater pollution prevention and water ecological protection, and refine and clarify the prevention and control measures for agricultural and rural non-point source pollution.

We should speed up the formulation and promulgation of supporting laws and regulations such as pollution discharge permit, drinking water safety guarantee and ecological compensation, and put the revision of water pollution prevention and control law on the agenda.

Chen Jining, Minister of environmental protection, said at the special inquiry meeting that he would promote the revision of laws and regulations such as the water pollution prevention and control law and the environmental impact assessment law.

It is necessary to strengthen the punishment for illegal acts of construction projects without approval, strengthen the legal status and rigid constraints of planning environmental impact assessment, clarify the legal responsibility and improve the accountability mechanism.

About 1000 chemical enterprises need to be relocated and transformed.

Zhang Xingkai, member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, pointed out at the special inquiry meeting that the core and most important problem of pollution is industrial pollution, and the worst, most serious and most terrible problem is industrial pollution.

An enterprise can pollute a river, and a mine may cut off a riverAn industrial park may threaten the safety of water sources for hundreds of thousands or even millions of people.

Some enterprises have changed their open sewage channels into concealed ones, falsifying or tampering with monitoring data, dumping waste water from other places, avoiding supervision, and playing cat and mouse games with regulatory authorities.

In response, Chen Jining responded that the industrial structure and industrial layout are unreasonable, and the structural pollution characteristics are particularly obvious.

The paper industry, food processing industry, chemical industry, textile industry and other industries account for more than half of the pollution emissions, and are mainly concentrated in the areas along the river.

For example, 46% of the chemical industry in Chengdu Chongqing Economic Zone is located in the Minjiang River and Tuojiang River, and 42% of the chemical industry is distributed along the main stream of the Yangtze River.

In addition, the homogenization competition of industrial parks is more intense, and there are potential risks of environmental safety and health.

Chen Jining said that there is still a lack of regulatory capacity in industrial pollution regulation.

"There are more than 60000 environmental monitoring personnel in the country.

They are responsible for the on-site inspection of millions of industrial enterprises.

Law enforcement requires at least two people to be present at the same time.

Therefore, each person is responsible for dozens of enterprises.

At present, there are still weak links in the supervision of industrial pollution due to the serious shortage of manpower and the weak level of environmental management of enterprises.

" Chen Jining revealed that the next step will be to issue pollution permits in accordance with the law.

By the end of this year, we will complete the approval and issuance of key national pollution sources and pilot areas with paid use and trading of emission rights, and by the end of 2017, we will complete the national approval and issuance work.

To strengthen the core position of pollutant discharge permit in water environment management is to connect with environmental standards, environmental monitoring, environmental assessment, three simultaneous acceptance, sewage charge and other systems, play its core role, promote the effective connection between pre approval and in-process and post supervision, and realize the whole process supervision.

Miao Wei responded at the special inquiry meeting that the Ministry of industry and information technology will actively promote the relocation and transformation of heavy polluting enterprises.

"Last year, we and the State Administration of work safety began to arrange relocation and transformation of hazardous chemical enterprises in densely populated urban areas.

Frankly speaking, in more than a year's work, the local authorities were not very active.

" "However, in the past few days after the accident in Tianjin, various provinces have reported specific project plans that need to be relocated.

We have preliminarily summarized that there are nearly 1000 chemical enterprises in China that need to be relocated and transformed, and the total relocation cost is about 400 billion yuan.

" Miao Wei pointed out.

Miao Wei revealed, "we further analyze that some of them can solve part of the problem through differential land rent reduction, and some of them can be solved by local governments and enterprises.

The central government also gives some necessary support, especially the underdeveloped economy in the central and western regions, to promote relocation and transformation, thoroughly solve the transformation and upgrading of enterprises, reduce pollution and reduce emissions.

" Minister of Finance responds to "No.

78 document" Wang Yi, member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, put forward at the special inquiry meeting that in June this year, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation issued the catalogue of value-added tax on products and services for comprehensive utilization of resources (CS [2015] No. 78). Since July 1 this year, value-added tax will be levied on garbage, sludge and sewage treatment services, with 70% tax rebate and 50% reclaimed water tax rebate.

The relevant industry associations are worried that the overall yield of the sewage and garbage treatment industry will drop by at least 2% after the implementation of the new VAT policy.

In this regard, Lou Jiwei explained that when the tax-free policy was introduced in 2008, there were mainly two types of enterprises at that time, one was municipal enterprises, the other was their own sewage, such as papermaking and steel.

They were all self-treatment, and tax-free could be solved.

Now it is different.

It is more and more common to promote the third governance and PPP mode.

Lou Jiwei pointed out that when the "No.

78 document" was issued, our finance and taxation departments conducted extensive research and thought that we should follow the direction of promoting specialization, and also calculated the accounts.

Generally speaking, the financial revenue may be reduced.

If tax-free, the cost of the enterprise will increase, because the electricity and drugs used by the enterprise can't be deducted, and 70% of the tax will be refunded immediately.

Compared with the tax exemption, there is little change.

But think of it, after joining the deduction chain, both upstream and downstream can be deducted.

Tax reduction is also required for that part, so on the whole, fiscal revenue should be reduced.

"We will continue to follow the policy after it is introduced.

At present, the two voices are in favor of experts and enterprises operating in a market-oriented and professional way.

They both agree and think that it is in line with the direction.

Some complain, mainly from the municipal units, because they do not operate professionally, there is no need to issue value-added tax invoices, they are directly eliminated, and enjoy the tax-free policy for a long time.

At present, these units are not quite adapted to the policy adjustment.

" Lou Jiwei said, "the next step we want to do is to conduct further research and prepare to hold another forum in the near future.

On the one hand, we should strengthen the interpretation of policies and encourage professional transformation.

In addition, we should also do a good job of analysis to see what measures can be taken.

" Wang Yi suggested that the Ministry of finance, together with the State Administration of Taxation, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of housing and urban rural development, as well as industry associations, should conduct in-depth research on the implementation of the "No.

78 document" in enterprises, especially waste recycling enterprises, understand the actual situation, make a comprehensive assessment, and propose solutions to the problems according to the situation, so as to better reduce the impact.

(Oscar Wilde).

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