The innovation level of fine chemical industry needs to be improved

wallpapers Industry 2020-12-09

fine chemical industry is one of the most dynamic innovation fields in chemical industry, which represents the development level of a country's chemical industry. In 2014, the output value of China's fine chemicals was about 3.5 trillion yuan, and the output value of the national chemical industry was about 8.8 trillion yuan, and the refinement rate was about 40%, while that of the United States, the European Union and Japan had reached more than 70%. It can be seen that the development level of China's fine chemical industry needs to be improved, and the space is huge. During the period of

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and "the 13th five year plan", the fine chemical industry should be based on scientific and technological innovation, strengthen the research and development of key common technologies, products and equipment, and industrialization application demonstration, and at the same time, try to make good use of various financing platforms, and improve the international competitiveness of products by adjusting and optimizing the product structure.

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first, optimize the joint development mode of industry, University and Research Institute, and establish a long-term mechanism of win-win cooperation. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the Ministry of science and technology and other six ministries and commissions of the State Council actively promoted the establishment of industrial technology innovation strategic alliance, and organized and implemented some scientific and technological projects through several batch of pilot alliances. Many strategic alliances have been set up in various parts of the country, which combine various innovative elements of universities and scientific research institutes with the vigorous demand of enterprises for new technologies, which has enhanced the pertinence of scientific and technological topics, accelerated the process of transforming scientific and technological achievements into practical productivity, and achieved certain results. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, further efforts should be made to optimize the mode of industry university research joint scientific and technological innovation. Second, strengthen the top-level design and implement the catalytic technology innovation project. Catalytic technology is the core of fine chemical industry. 60% of fine chemical products and 80% of all fine chemical processes are related to catalysis. At the same time, catalyst itself is an important variety of fine chemical industry. In a sense, most of the world's well-known chemical companies dominate the technological development level of the world's chemical industry by monopolizing core technologies such as catalysts and high-end equipment. At present, there are few research tasks related to fine chemical catalysts and application technology in China, which is not coordinated with the vigorous development of fine chemical industry. Therefore, during the 13th Five Year Plan period, the industrial authorities should attach great importance to the innovation and development of catalytic technology, implement the catalytic technology innovation project, and support the optimization and upgrading of the fine chemical industry. The oxidation, hydrogenation, esterification, alkylation and asymmetric synthesis of

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are typical fine chemical reactions. In the task design and content selection of catalytic technology innovation project, we should take high efficiency and environmental protection as the goal, select typical reaction to carry out the innovation development and industrial application demonstration of catalytic technology, and effectively promote the innovation achievements. "Spkds" and "spkds" are extended. "Upward extension" means to expand upstream to reduce costs and enhance the competitiveness of enterprises. However, due to the characteristics of fine chemicals, such as small batch, multi variety, technology intensive and high added value, it is difficult for general fine chemical enterprises to develop upstream due to lack of large-scale product production capacity and marketing ability. Relatively speaking, most fine chemical enterprises are directly facing the needs of end customers, and its development and extension to the downstream is a possible choice. The specific ideas and directions are as follows: make the products deeper and finer, increase the brand number of the same kind of products after market segmentation to meet the needs of customers in an all-round way; add other products with the same or similar functions to enrich the product line; or the enterprises originally positioned at the raw material suppliers also "play football in the future" and become the suppliers of terminal products. Fourth, we should strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights and establish the mechanism of sharing achievements and interests. Fine chemical industry is a technology intensive industry, which is characterized by fast information update, strong confidentiality and strong patent monopoly. Such as medicine, pesticides and other technical products development time is long, the cost is high, the success rate is very low. However, in industries such as coatings and cosmetics, which are mainly based on compound product technology, most enterprises are reluctant to apply for patents because the formulation technology is "a layer of window paper". Even for the science and technology projects supported by the state, the scientific and technological achievements formed by enterprises as the supporting units have broken through the key technologies, and because the enterprises are not willing to cultivate competitors, it is difficult to form a mechanism for sharing achievements. Therefore, the industry should focus on exploring a set of feasible mechanism of achievement sharing and benefit sharing.

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fifthly, expand financing channels to help scientific and technological innovation and industrial upgrading. Most fine chemical enterprises belong to small and medium-sized enterprises, so it is very difficult to get loans from banks, and the road of listing and financing is also very difficult. Therefore, many enterprises have been relying on private lending for a long time, with high financing cost, high financing risk and poor sustainability of obtaining funds. In recent years, with the further deepening of national financial system reform, various financing platforms emerge in endlessly. Fine chemical enterprises should choose suitable financing channels according to the actual situation. At the same time, the state should urge the financial system to improve the financial support policy and operational mechanism for SMEs, actively promote the legalization and standardization of private financing, and build a fund platform with various natures and ways to support the development of SMEs.


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